HMB improved in vitro and in vivo immune function in rainbow trout and carp, which resulted in better growth and reduced mortality.
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Influence of ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) on specific cellular immune response after in vitro and in vivo immunization with Yersinia ruckeri antigen
ß-Hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) fed in the water enhances immune response in young broilers
HMB fed in the drinking water was just as effective as HMB fed in feed for improving immune function and reducing mortality of broilers.
The effects of supplemental ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) on training and racing thoroughbreds
HMB decreased horse muscle damage and increased aerobic metabolism and performance during actual racing conditions.
Immunomodulating effect of ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) on the nonspecific cellular and humoral defense mechanisms in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
HMB improved in vitro and in vivo immune function in rainbow trout and carp which resulted in better growth and reduced mortality
In vitro effects of ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) on measures of immune function and immunocompetence in fish
HMB improved in vitro and in vivo immune function in rainbow trout and carp which resulted in better growth and reduced mortality.
The effect of intensive training and ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) on muscle glycogen concentrations in the horse
HMB supplement showed no difference in muscle glycogen concentrations in intensively training horses.
The immunomodulating activity of dietary ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) in weanling pigs
HMB improved indicators of immune function in growing pigs by increasing respiratory burst activity, potential killing activity of phagocytes, lymphocyte proliferation, plasma lysozyme activity, and IgG level.
Effect of HMB on fuel utilization, membrane stability, and creatine kinase content of cultured muscle cells
HMB can increase oxidative capacity and stabilize muscle cell membranes.
ß-Hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate and 2-oxoisocaproate affect body composition and cholesterol concentration in rabbits
HMB reduced body fat and cholesterol in the blood and intestinal tissue of rabbits.
Whole body antioxidant status in young growing rats induced by dexamethasone and the effect of ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate (HMB) treatment on recovery after dexamethasone treatment
HMB was shown to have no effect on glutathione levels following dexamethasone treatment in young rats.