New research is emerging on the importance of lean body mass during illness and recovery. Sacropenia has become relatively common in aging adults during hospital stays and is associated with nutritional status and the number of days of bed rest.
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Surgery & Recovery
A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data on the prevalence of sarcopenia among hospitalized adult patients. The authors concluded that sacropenia is frequent among hospitalized patients and a considerable portion of them were aged under ≥65 years and in non-undernourished, namely among overweight and obese.
National representative surveys were examined to determine healthcare expenditures associated with sarcopenia. Authors concluded that sarcopenia imposes significant costs and will escalate unless an effective public health campaign to reduce sarcopenia cases is implemented.
Muscle loss is a common occurrence during hospitalization, especially in the elderly, but there are a number of nutritional supplements that have been shown to help maintain or recover muscle during and after illness.
A study showed that a daily dose of 3 grams of HMB (beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate) in healthy older adults during a 10-day bed rest helped prevent declines in lean body mass.
Our muscles need protein to provide the nutrients necessary to rebuild, but research has also shown that the nutritional supplement HMB can aid in this process.
New research has shown different strategies to help aging adults recover more quickly after a hospital visit.
In this prospective study hospitalized adult patients with sarcopenia were assessed and hospitalization costs were calculated for each patient. The authors concluded that sarcopenia is related to hospitalization costs and is estimated to increase costs by 58.5% for patients aged <65 years and 34% for patients aged >65 years.
Research suggests that enhancing seniors’ readiness for surgery can potentially lead to improved outcomes. A Perioperative Optimization of Senior Health (POSH) program was implemented by Duke University Medical Center finding that adults that attended the program were less likely to return to the hospital post-op in the next 30 days and more likely to return home without need of home health care.